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Pakistan

Pakistan’s rich cultural and religious heritage has resulted in an ethnically and linguistically diverse population. However, uncontrolled population growth and large-scale natural disasters have left the nation in poverty.

Pakistan has an impressive a 1,046 kilometer (650 miles) coastline along the Arabian Sea in the south, although sunbathers are not to be seen in this Islamic republic.   This area of 796,000 square kilometres is where South Asia links central Asia with the Middle East, bordering Afghanistan and Iran in the west, India in the east and China in the far northeast.

 

Pakistan offers both sandy beaches and mangrove swamps in the south, to icy mountains to the north and west, with the fertile Indus valley running the length of the country.  The Tharparkar desert in the southern province of Sindh is the only fertile desert in the world.

 

There are currently around 170 million people in Pakistan. Uncontrolled population growth and a massive refugee problem as a result of long-term war, together with the large-scale earthquake centred in the north of the country in October 2005, has hugely impoverished this nation.

 

The capital city is Islamabad, with 1.1 million people.  The official language is Urdu, with 69 other local languages.

 

Pakistan achieved independence from the British in 1947, followed by a number of military dictatorships. Pakistan is an Islamic republic, but there is a surprising degree of religious freedom, under the law.

 

OM began working in Pakistan in 1979, encouraging national believers to build up the Church in Pakistan, alongside expatriate workers. Working together with local churches we seek to equip believers for life and support the national Church.  Please contact [email protected] for further details.

Facts about Pakistan
Population:
238,181,034 (July 2021 est.)
Laguage:
Punjabi 44.7%, Pashtun (Pathan) 15.4%, Sindhi 14.1%, Saraiki 8.4%, Muhajirs 7.6%, Balochi 3.6%, other 6.3%
Religion:
Punjabi 48%, Sindhi 12%, Saraiki (a Punjabi variant) 10%, Pashto (alternate name, Pashtu) 8%, Urdu (official) 8%, Balochi 3%, Hindko 2%, Brahui 1%, English (official; lingua franca of Pakistani elite and most government ministries), Burushaski, and other 8%
Economic Overview:
Decades of internal political disputes and low levels of foreign investment have led to underdevelopment in Pakistan. Pakistan has a large English-speaking population, with English-language skills less prevalent outside urban centers. Despite some progress in recent years in both security and energy, a challenging security environment, electricity shortages, and a burdensome investment climate have traditionally deterred investors. Agriculture accounts for one-fifth of output and two-fifths of employment. Textiles and apparel account for more than half of Pakistan's export earnings; Pakistan's failure to diversify its exports has left the country vulnerable to shifts in world demand. Pakistan’s GDP growth has gradually increased since 2012, and was 5.3% in 2017. Official unemployment was 6% in 2017, but this fails to capture the true picture, because much of the economy is informal and underemployment remains high. Human development continues to lag behind most of the region.
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